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Notes Native American tradition combined with scientific decoding methods indicate that "rock art" is really a sophisticated form of writing. The life-long research into Native American petroglyphs by LaVan Martineau, an orphan adopted into the Paiute tribe of southeastern Nevada and southwestern Utah, has resulted in detailed interpretations of the rock writings.
His work, culminating in an interpretation of the famous Hopi Prophecy Rock, demonstrates a much greater information content in these picture-based drawings than was previously recognized.
Martineau's research implies the existence of early ideograph-based writing systems that could convey detailed meanings without including phonetic sound-based components. Martineau's Qualifications LaVan Martineau was uniquely prepared to take the first bold steps not only toward showing that the so-called Native American "rock art" was really rock writing, but also actually beginning to decipher their messages.
Let us take a brief look at his unusual background, which did not include university degrees in the subject which he pioneered, nor any related fields. LaVan had been good friends with many of the tribe since his early childhood when their village was located within the city limits.
After he became an orphan with no relatives close by, a local Paiute man invited him in a matter-of-fact way, "Come, be my son. Over the course of a lifetime, LaVan became thoroughly immersed in the culture and language of his adoptive people and eventually developed a sophisticated system for deciphering Native American petroglyphs.
The man who adopted him, Edrick Bushhead, was single and handicapped. He had suffered an accident that removed one arm at the shoulder. He barely survived through small jobs and lived in an 8 by 10 foot sheep wagon. Yet, he invited LaVan to live with him according to the religious and cultural code of the Paiutes that all orphans be provided for.
Bushhead remained a father figure to LaVan all his life. Although LaVan was baptized into the LDS church as a child, other members of his family were not active members.
He thrived on this activity and became an Eagle Scout in Mainly through his efforts and connections with the Paiutes living in Cedar City, the Explorer Troop specialized in Native American dance.
Many of the older Paiutes taught the Explorers the dances and they performed throughout southern Utah.
In fact, LaVan's first wife, Doris, who had died giving birth to their second child, was a descendant of the original Paiutes of Eagle Valley including the colorful "Eagle Valley Pete. LaVan Martineau learned from the Paiutes that rock writing was based on many of the gestures used in Native American universal sign language.
Sign language consisted of a few hundred gestures that could be combined together to communicate complex ideas between the various Native American tribes. Their spoken languages were so very different as to preclude any verbal communication, but the sign language was universal from the Paiutes of Utah, to the Pawnees of Nebraska or the Iroquois in New York.
Several of his close friends at the base were involved in cryptography the encoding and decoding of secret communications for the Air Force.
LaVan was fascinated by the principles of this mathematical science and, as he also had the required high security clearance, learned all he could about what was at the time a top secret field.
Ideographic Writing System LaVan Martineau's rock writing work is of particular interest to linguists because it appears to confirm the existence of strictly ideographic writing systems lacking any phonetic sound components.
Native Americans, regardless of the very different languages that they spoke, could reputedly read the writings and understand the historical narrative or religious allegory in great detail from a few simple figures.
In contrast, writing systems that are phonetically oriented represent the articulation of the outward forms visible speech. Ideographs are also called ideograms, and ideographs which look like little pictures of the concept are sometimes called "pictographs.
Without question, the alphabet is indeed a wonderful creation, but let us consider for a moment the power of pictures. Not many years ago, most cars in America had a gauge on the dashboard with the English word "Fuel" written on it.
Now most of them have a little standardized picture icon or pictograph of a gasoline pump there instead. Why was that change made? Was it a step forward in communication, or backward toward a primitive picture writing system?
What do you think? Computer Icons Formerly, our modern computers mostly used alphbetic instructions. Today we see a rather standardized set of icons that have replaced many of those words.
Which do you prefer, Windows or DOS?
Was the graphical user interface a step forward or backward? National Park Pictographs We think that most would agree that the icons are a step forward for several reasons. First, they allow people speaking many languages all to easily learn the icon because it is usually a picture similar to what is in their mind when they think of their word for it.
That is, gasoline pumps look very similar worldwide. Secondly, a few simple icons can be very easy to learn.What if you had to write something that was words, such as an article or a blog post?
How many pages is words? The answer to that question depends on the medium of those words. Writing is a medium of human communication that represents language and emotion with signs and symbols. In most languages, writing is a complement to speech or spoken regardbouddhiste.comg is not a language, but a tool used to make languages be read.
Within a language system, writing relies on many of the same structures as speech, such as vocabulary, grammar, and semantics, with the added. Super-Efficient Writing: How I Consistently Write Over 1, High-Quality Words in Less Than 60 Minutes to writing the last word of the post. That way, we avoid wasting energy and thought on stuff that isn’t relevant or useful at all, and divert it all towards the goal of excellent and effective writing.
Super-Efficient Writing: How I.
APA style calls for a list of references instead of a bibliography or works cited page. The requirements for a reference list is that all references cited in the text of a paper must be listed alphabetically by the first author's last name. In our word essay example, the hook could be “Imagine people were placed in cages for entertainment ” Further planning and writing process Once you are done with planning and the introduction, proceed with deciding how many body paragraphs you .
Level 5 marks a substantial increase in demand in the grammar, vocabulary, and writing portions of the curriculum. This level is a major challenge for the most motivated .