C N Trueman "Benito Mussolini" historylearningsite. The History Learning Site, 25 May His father, Alessandro, was a blacksmith while his mother, Rosa, was a school teacher.
The text is reprinted with permission from International Socialist Review. For many, the fascist label is simply an insult, directed against particularly repellent and reactionary individuals or movements.
The term took on new significance during the US presidential election, in which the ultimate victor Donald Trump was routinely compared to Benito Mussolini and other fascist leaders.
Trump, such comparisons have gone beyond the fringe and entered mainstream conversation both in the United States and abroad. Although these particular comparisons are overdrawn and imprecise, all allegations of fascism must be examined seriously.
Working people and the oppressed have every reason to fear the endemic racism, abolition of labor and civil rights, brutal repression, and mass murder that characterize fascism. While resemblances on some level can undoubtedly be found among most rightist movements and regimes, fascism itself is a very specific phenomenon, with unique features.
Understanding the characteristics and dynamics of fascism is not just an academic exercise. Doing so is essential for being able to combat it.
This short book, containing a report and resolution by Clara Zetkin at a leadership meeting of the Communist International, presents a far-reaching analysis of what was then something entirely new on the world scene. Reviewing it almost a century later, one can appreciate her accomplishment in outlining, at this early date, a consistent Marxist position on the nature of fascism and how to fight it.
Organized by Benito Mussolini during a period of social crisis inthe Fasci Italiani di Combattimento arose as a reaction to the rising movement of the proletariat, that is, the social class of those who depend on sale of their labor power for their means of subsistence.
Throughout all layers of Italian society, expectation was high that the Italian Socialist Party—then a member of the Communist International—was on the verge of coming to power.
The proletarian upsurge reached a high point in September During that month over half a million workers, led by the metalworkers, seized factories throughout Italy. Workers began to organize production under the leadership of factory councils, and in many places they formed Red Guards to defend the seized factories.
The strikes spread to the railways and other workplaces, and many poor peasants and agricultural workers carried out land seizures. Effective appeals were made to soldiers, as fellow workers in uniform, to refuse to obey any orders to attack the factories.
In face of this seemingly unstoppable wave, the capitalist class and its government were paralyzed with indecision and fear.
A revolutionary situation was unfolding, with the conquest of political power on the agenda. But the Italian Socialist Party and the main trade union federation under its influence refused to see this month-long revolutionary movement as anything more than a simple union struggle.
With such a mindset, the union leadership eventually directed the workers to leave the factories in exchange for a package of enticing but empty promises by the capitalists—who by that time were willing to sign anything provided they could get their factories back. Italian working people, who had hoped and expected that the end of capitalist rule was near, abandoned the factories in dejection.Mussolini Rise to Power Words | 4 Pages.
Mussolini Benito Mussolini appears to stride through 20th-century Italian history like a buffoon, a fascist dictator whose ludicrous posing was dwarfed by the incalculably more sinister nature of Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime.
Young socialist Mussolini was born in Libertarian socialism (sometimes called social anarchism, left-libertarianism and socialist libertarianism) is a group of anti-authoritarian political philosophies inside the socialist movement that rejects socialism as centralised state ownership and control of the economy including criticism of wage labour relationships within the workplace.
THE dominating ideology in the international labor movement in the West is still Socialist, but a Socialism with a new look. Marxism has been discarded, although more by force of circumstances than conscious design, and the movement is still influenced by some Marxian reasoning; but, in general, Western Socialism has ceased to be class conscious and become reformist.
"This was a nationalistic, anti liberal, and anti socialist movement. This movement attracted mainly the lower middle class."1 Fascism was spreading across Europe. Benito Mussolini Essay He had hoped that WWI would lead to a collapse of society that would bring him to power.
He knew that he needed to gain the Italians support . The socialist feminist strategy aims at realigning power relations through the process of building a base of power for women through a mass movement united around struggling for our self-interest Our goal is to build this movement.
Mussolini had the Fascist, Hitler had the National Socialist or Nazi and Stalin had Communism. All of these men made their political party the only one because they wanted to come to power. They did this by using their own forces, killing people and even killing off the other political party.