The report gives a general socio-economic overview and identifies some issues of importance for Norway's assistance to the five focus countries. It is hoped that the report will provide useful background material for development assistance officials and other interested parties. Overall, the report argues that for the countries focused, the present decade will be the worst ever with regard to AIDS morbidity and mortality.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among patients admitted in in-patient department and those attending integrated counseling and testing centre ICTC of School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata.
Data were gathered by interviewing the patients by using a predesigned questionnaire. For prolonged duration and severity of disease, higher proportion of indoor patients reported loss of job, decreased family income, increased expenditure for care seeking, and faced greater Socio economic impact of hiv and consequences, reflected by selling assets.
Loss of job was mainly due to illness Assets were sold mainly to meet the cost of own illness for indoor patients, but more to meet the expenditure for husband's illness, in the case of ICTC patients.
High school dropout seen in both groups was mainly due to economic reasons.
its likely socio-economic impact. The present paper grew from a recognition that, to promote both better prevention and appropriate development planning around AIDS, hard data are needed. iv Executive Summary his study seeks to understand the impact of HIV/AIDS on the socio-economic fabric of the Kingdom of Swaziland. With Antenatal Clinic (ANC) prevalence. HIV and AIDS affects economic growth by reducing the availability of human capital. Without proper prevention, nutrition, health care and medicine that is available in developing countries, large numbers of people are falling victim to AIDS.
Weakened family and societal support systems, decreased participation in formal education of young people as a result of AIDS in the family, along with depleted family income due to loss of work, and poor disease management present additional vulnerabilities.
The state gains because production is not disrupted in key sectors. Only patients willing to participate in the study were included and were interviewed in the presence of a trained counselor, after taking their informed consent and ensuring complete anonymity and confidentiality.
Information pertaining to age, sex, marital status, occupation, family income, and expenditure including cost incurred to treatment, schooling of children, perception of family members toward the PLWHAs, etc. The data were analyzed by using proportions, chi-square and z-tests for proportions.
Overall mean age of the participants was Hindus constituted the majority Skilled workers and housewives constituted the majority of patients. Approximately, one-third of indoor The mean of previous and present per capita monthly income was Rs.
Mean working days lost in 1 year was Table 1 Open in a separate window When reasons for the above-mentioned socioeconomic consequences were explored Table 2it was found that illness was the most common reason One-fifth of indoor and 4.
Table 2 Open in a separate window A higher proportion On the other hand selling of assets to meet the expenses incurred to husband's sickness was reported by Financial problems were accounted for in Sickness of the participants was the most common reason for decrease in family income in both groups of patients, followed by unemployment of patient and death of husband.
Medicines, investigations, and travel were the major causes for increased expenditure in both the groups.
Hospitalization costs were also an important factor in Behavior of the family members as perceived by the indoor patients was also explored [ Table 3 ]. Among 92 indoor patients, 78 Overall, spouses were the major caregivers of the indoor patients Of the 72 ever married indoor patients, the in-laws were aware of HIV-positive status in Disturbed relationship with spouse was reported by Families feel its economic impact as soon as one of their members falls ill with an AIDS-related condition.
Amid rising household expenditures, families compromised on education and faced mounting debts, also corroborated in this study. In our study, loss of job following disclosure was an important observation among in-patients, majority of whom were migrant skilled workers.
A significantly higher proportion of indoor patients cited their sickness as the main reason for selling of assets compared to newly diagnosed, as the duration and severity of their illness was more.iv Executive Summary his study seeks to understand the impact of HIV/AIDS on the socio-economic fabric of the Kingdom of Swaziland.
With Antenatal Clinic (ANC) prevalence. HIV and AIDS affects economic growth by reducing the availability of human capital. Without proper prevention, nutrition, health care and medicine that is available in developing countries, large numbers of people are falling victim to AIDS. By eventually impairing economic growth, the epidemic has an impact on investment, trade and national security, leading to still more widespread and extreme poverty.
In short, AIDS has become a. Whiteside, A. and Wood, G. Socio-economic Impact of HIV/AIDS in Swaziland. National Development Strategy, Ministry of Economic Planning and Development, Mbabane. Google Scholar.
By eventually impairing economic growth, the epidemic has an impact on investment, trade and national security, leading to still more widespread and extreme poverty. In short, AIDS has become a. Socio-Economic impact of HIV/AIDS on people living with HIV/AIDS and their families A study conducted by Delhi Network of Positive People Manipur Network of People Living With HIV/AIDS.