An introduction to the history of discrimination against gay men and lesbians

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An introduction to the history of discrimination against gay men and lesbians

Nguyen written in We refer to basic human rights like the freedom of speech and association, liberty, and equal treatment in court as civil rights, because they are fundamental rights that each and every citizen should not be denied on the basis of their sex, race, or religious belief.

Though it has been proven that homosexuality -- the sexual desire for those of the same sex as oneself -- has existed since humans have begun documenting human history, the framers of the Constitution did not include the unconstitutionality of discrimination against citizens on the base of sexual preference, thus, making this discrimination perfectly legal.

Inspired by the African American Civil Rights Movement, homosexuals in America began to organize themselves and to fight for the equality and the justice they did not have yet. By taking a close look at the history of gay rights, common prejudices against homosexuals, and the common arguments used on both sides of this topic without the emotional heat and biases, which is often linked with this controversial topic, one is able to think critically and approach the issue of homosexuality in a more reasonable way.

2 studies conducted since the mids have found that percent of LGBT respondents experienced discrimination in the workplace.5 For example, a survey found that 16 percent of lesbians and gay men and. During those years, there was the first gay television movie; a sexy on-screen kiss between two men in Sunday, Blood Sunday; and the release of Cabaret, which has been hailed as the first movie. Discrimination of Gays and Lesbians: A Social Justice Perspective The existence of discrimination against America’s gay and lesbian citizens is widely supported in the research literature of many disciplines. This article provides a specific analysis of this dis- In a research study comprised of gay men, lesbians and transgender.

Homosexuals are defined as people who are sexually attracted by other persons of the same sex. The words "gays" or "gay people" are also common terms used instead of "homosexuals", whereas "lesbians" are only used to describe female homosexuals.

These fundamental definitions of homosexuals already indicate that this minority group is evenly distributed throughout the entire society. Homosexuals can be both men and women. They exist in all classes, social groups, races, positions, and countries, regardless of their age or origin.

As far as historians can trace back the past, homosexuals have always been in existence, including Julius Caesar, Plato, and Alexander the Great Sloan 1.

History has also shown that gay people have always been discriminated against. Not only were gay people denied of equal treatment in court "de jure"but they also have been victims of violence and harassment in our own society on the base of their sexual orientation "de facto".

The government even regularly removes openly gay officials from public positions, and so do a lot of other employers in the private sector Mohr 6. In individual cases, homosexuals are often harassed, insulted, kicked, punched, and thrown at by fellow classmates, coworkers, and even family members just for being gay.

These discriminations base on prejudices and stereotypes that society has of the gay community.

An introduction to the history of discrimination against gay men and lesbians

Among the most common stereotypes are those which carry fear and ignorance. Gays are said to be "child molesters" and "sex-crazed maniacs". They are considered extremely "immoral" because they do not follow social customs, "unnatural" because homosexuality violates the basic functions of genitals and contradicts the nature.

Religious leaders reason that Jesus asks the mankind in the Bible "to go out and have children. Gayness is considered by opponents a voluntary "act" and "behavior", which a person can act on.

Some opponents go that far that, since homosexuality is from their point of view a matter of choice, their sexual practices are "crimes" which make homosexuals criminals.

On the other hand, gays defend themselves by arguing that homosexuality is a characteristic with which they are attached in the early childhood or even with birth. Gays do not have a choice over their homosexuality as heterosexuals do not have a choice over their heterosexuality.

Hence, gayness is a condition over which they do not have, just as no one has control over his or her ethnic race, origin, outer appearance, or the class they he or she is born in. In addition, empirical research on adult sexual orientation and molestation of children has shown that gay men are not more likely to molest children than heterosexual men.

Based on this argumentation, homosexuals urged the government to ban discrimination of people on the basis of their sexual preference. However, up until the decades after the Second World War, in which Hitler did not only murdered Jews, but also homosexuals, there has been no powerful and effective gay rights movement.

Just like the demand for freedom by slaves in the past resulted in more discrimination by the slave-owners, homosexuals faced the same vicious circle. Since homosexuals often compare themselves with other minority groups like the Jews or the African Americans, they were very inspired by the African American Civil Rights Movement by Dr.New gay rights groups were formed within days, "Gay Power" meetings were held in Greenwich Village, and existing gay rights groups started a series of activities to call for national, organized resistance against discrimination.

Gay rights movement: Gay rights movement, civil rights movement that advocates equal rights for gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, and transsexuals; seeks to eliminate sodomy laws barring homosexual acts between consenting adults; and calls for an end to discrimination against gay men and lesbians in employment, credit.

Homosexual marriage should be legal because marriage is a symbol of love and passion for one another, the homosexual family life is just as good as heterosexual family life, and prohibiting gay marriage is unconstitutional discrimination. However, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) interprets Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of to cover discrimination against LGBT employees, as "allegations of discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation necessarily state a claim of discrimination on the basis of sex".

3 1. INTRODUCTION This report describes the technical details of a study of discrimination against gay men and lesbians conducted by Social and Community Planning in During those years, there was the first gay television movie; a sexy on-screen kiss between two men in Sunday, Blood Sunday; and the release of Cabaret, which has been hailed as the first movie.

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